Having too much sugar in the blood can lead people with diabetes to some complications, covering the diabetic foot. Diabetic foot is characterized by a complication as a result of diabetic neuropathy and vascular disease, ranging from mild neurological symptoms at the primary stage to severe ulcers, infection, vascular disease, and neuropathic fractures.
However, people are prone to ignore this issue and will gain unfavorable results beyond imagination. As such, it is essential to prevent and treat diabetic foot once people feel uncomfortable.
Reasons behind symptoms
People develop a habit of smoking, which is an important factor that causes diabetic vascular disease. Meanwhile, diabetic foot disease originates from vascular problems and can be found on the skin. A study showed that smoking patients are 15 times more likely to develop diabetic foot than non-smokers.
Peripheral vascular disease can lead to severe blood vessel stenosis of the foot, reducing the blood supply and oxygen supply of the foot. In this way, once the feet are injured, the wound will fail to heal instantly due to insufficient nutrition and oxygen supply.
Patients are those with diabetic nephropathy or diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy may even allow people to suffer from vision loss. Hence, it is easy to get diabetic foot once they are unaware of the obstacles ahead road. A large number of toxic substances in the body cannot be discharged in time due to the fact that the kidney is severely damaged, which will be the potential cause of the disease.
Diabetic patients who have foot ulcers, calluses, corns, or foot deformities still boast the risk of suffering from diabetic foot, which is as high as more than 80%.
Care and prevention
People should foster the habit of checking feet at times. As a key solution to diabetic foot care, it helps discover potential issues in time. There is a need for people to check the soles of the feet and between the toes after taking a bath, getting to know whether the feet have the symptoms of abrasions, blisters, cracks. If happened, it may be a warning signal of foot lesions. Going to the hospital and allowing doctors to diagnose is the best choice.
People should wash their feet daily so as to maintain foot hygiene. Keeping the feet clean and hygienic is one of the important measures for diabetic foot care. Many people are willing to improve blood circulation by washing their feet. However, it is not recommended for people with diabetic foot resulted from a reduced ability to sense temperature.
People should employ moisturizers frequently to protect the skin of their feet. In winter, dry and cracked skin is more likely to induce diabetic foot, so people should shed light on caring.
Mastering the techniques of cutting toenails to prevent infection is required. Correctly cutting toenails is also an important part of caring for diabetic foot. People should cut straight to avoid cutting the nail bed and causing infection.
Comfortable shoes and socks provide an extra layer of protection for feet. People should buy shoes in the afternoon in that feet naturally expand with use during the day. Besides, it is advisable to choose socks made of natural materials, such as cotton and wool. Only by taking care of feet can people prevent diabetic foot, enabling people to enjoy more scenarios.
Note: All information on Sinocare blog articles is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.