According to the latest World Health Organization Publish The number of people with diabetes rose from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014, The global prevalence of diabetes among adults over 18 years of age rose from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014. Between 2000 and 2016, there was a 5% increase in premature mortality from diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes is about more than 90 percent of people with diabetes.
What is Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes, formerly known as adult-type diabetes, mostly develops after the age of 35 to 40, accounting for more than 90% of diabetics.
Type 2 diabetes patients in the body to produce insulin capacity are not completely lost, some patients even produce too much insulin, but the effect of insulin is poor, so the patient's body insulin is a relative deficiency, can be stimulated by certain oral drugs in the body insulin secretion. But at a later stage there are still some patients who need insulin therapy.
Source: World Health Orgainzation
Type 2 Diabetes Cause:
- Family history of diabetes:
As with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes has a more obvious family history. Some of these disease-caused genes have been identified, and some are still in the research stage.
- Environmental Factors：
Epidemiological studies show that obesity, high-calorie diet, physical indebtedness and ageing are the most important environmental factors for type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure, abnormal blood lipids and other factors can also increase the risk of disease.
- Increasing age：
Most type 2 diabetes develops after the age of 30. Of the half of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients, the age of onset was over 55.
Type 2 diabetes is more common among Native Americans, African-Americans and Hispanics than among Whites and Asians.
- Unhealthy diet & Overweight：
Eating a high-calorie and structured diet can lead to obesity, and with weight gain and lack of Physical activity, insulin resistance increases sexually, leading to insulin secretion defects and type 2 diabetes.
The main causes of type 2 diabetes include obesity, low physical activity and stress. Stress includes stress, tiredness, mental stimulation, trauma, surgery, childbirth, other major illnesses, and the use of hormones that raise blood sugar. As a result of the above triggers, the patient's insulin secretion ability and the body's sensitivity to insulin gradually decreased, blood sugar increased, leading to diabetes.
So far, we have not been able to control the human genetic factors. However, we can intervene in environmental factors to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes.
6.Poor nutrition during pregnancy：
Women during pregnancy are more likely to develop the disease because of their diet problems, reduced exercise, and overnourishment, which can easily lead to the disease.
Physical stress, tiredness, mental stimulation, trauma, surgery, childbirth.
Type 2 Diabetes Riske:
Type 2 diabetes will lead to neuropathy in the human body, mainly occurred in the body's peripheral nerves, in the early stage may be many patients will find sensory disorders, calves and lower limbs will be numb, pain symptoms, and even affect the body's motor nervous system, muscle tension will slowly decline, early reflexes into the late stage will slowly disappear, plant nerves will also be affected, there may be urinary retention, pupil abnormalities and other conditions.
Diabetic neuropathy is still very many, found that diabetes may lead to cardiovascular lesions in the human body, many patients if blood sugar control is not good, and even cause coronary heart disease arteriosclerosis, hypertension and other lesions, if it is serious patients will even appear lower limb ocular veinitis, some patients will have diabetic foot and other symptoms, and some patients will appear painless myocardial infarction, heart rhythm disorders, even cardiac shock, and finally there will be signs of sudden death.
How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes?
We have learned the 7 causes of Type 2 Diabetes, some cause is under our control while some are not controlled. If we could change the cause of what we can control, maybe reduce the risk of Type 2 Diabetes.
Risk Factors You Can Control
Some health habits and medical conditions related to your lifestyle can raise your odds of having type 2 diabetes, including:
- Being overweight, especially at the waist
- Not Healthy Lifestyle.
- Eating a lot of is full of sugar & high-fat dairy products, and sweets
- Unhealthy cholesterol and triglyceride levels
Risk Factors You Can't Control
Other risk factors are out of your control, including:
- Race or ethnicity:
- Family history of diabetes:
- Over 45 Older Age: Being 45 and older raises your risk of type 2 diabetes.
The more risk factors you have, the more likely you'll get type 2 diabetes.
By the way When We are older than 45, Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels helps us to understand our physical condition in a timely manner and to seek medical attention in a timely manner.