Diabetes — blood sugar level
As the most obvious symptoms that show diabetic microangiopathy, diabetic retinopathy (DR) is featured by a fundus disease with specific changes as well as one of the serious complications of diabetes. While diabetic retinopathy can be divided into two parts: non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).
Blood glucose fluctuation is not only a number that can make people feel terrible but its damage should not be underestimated. If you think hyperglycemia is like a tiger, blood glucose fluctuation is more like a tiger. If hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia make your blood vessels dilate and constrict respectively, the fluctuations between these changes will allow your blood vessels to suffer a lot.
According to the latest report from World Health Organization, the number of people with diabetes rose from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014. The global prevalence of diabetes among adults over 18 years of age rose from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014. Between 2000 and 2016, there was a 5% increase in premature mortality from diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes is about more than 90 percent of people with diabetes.